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Cammeo

Cammeo

It is a piece of jewelry made through the engraving of a layered stone (typically onyx) or shell, particularly Cypraecassis rufa, Cassis madascarensis and Cassis cornuta as these shells have a surface consisting of two distinct layers of color, which allows the relief figure to be clearly isolated from the background. The working of the cameo is done by hand. The first stage of the workmanship is to choose the shell suitable for engraving. Next comes the cutting of the most convex part of the shell, the "cup"; inside the cup, the outlines of the cameos to be made are traced and the superfluous parts are removed by cutting them.