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Umbria (ENG)

Umbria (ENG)

Umbria is a region of central Italy located in the heart of the peninsula, historically the land inhabited in ancient times by the Umbrians, from which it takes its name, it is the only region not located at the political or maritime borders of the Italian state and, with only 92 municipalities, the region with ordinary statute with the lowest number of municipalities.Bordering to the east and north-east with the Marche, to the west and north-west with Tuscany, to the south and south-west with Lazio, also including an exclave in the Marche which belongs to the municipality of Città  di Castello, the regional capital is Perugia while the provinces are those of Perugia and Terni with the major non-capital centers represented by Foligno, Città  di Castello, Umbertide, Spoleto, Gubbio, Gualdo Tadino, Assisi, Bastia Umbra, Orvieto, Amelia, Narni, Marsciano, Spello and Todi.Characterized by a marked variety of landscapes, by virtue of the continuous succession of hilly areas and river valleys, this articulated orographic system, which is identified with the areas of the Umbrian Valley and Valtiberina, in the eastern and southern sector of the region rises progressively with the ridges mountains of the Valnerina up to over 2,400 meters (Monte Carrier group) in the Sibillini massif, shared with the Marche. The hydrography offers the fourth largest natural lake in Italy, the Trasimeno, the Piediluco lake (shared with Lazio) and the artificial basin of Corbara; in the region also flow many small streams and numerous rivers: the largest of these are the Tiber, which collects almost all the waters of the other Umbrian rivers, the Nera (116 km), the Paglia (86 km), the Chiascio (82 km), the Topino (77 km) and the Nestor (42 km).The varied regional territory is dotted with cities and settlements rich in history and traditions. The region, already inhabited in protohistoric times by the Umbrians and the Etruscans, was then at the center of the Regio VI Umbria et ager Gallicus of the Roman Empire. With much of its territory included for centuries in the Duchy of Spoleto in the south, in the Byzantine Empire in the center and in the Duchy of Tuscia in the north during the Lombard Kingdom in Italy, its territory after several centuries of struggles became part of the state Pontifical. An asteroid was dedicated to her. Directed by Gigi Oliviero