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Campania (RUS)

Campania (RUS)

Campania is an Italian region with ordinary statute in southern Italy. It is, for a short distance from the second, the third region by number of inhabitants (after Lombardy and Lazio), the most populous in southern Italy while it is first in national level by population density. It has an area of â??â??13,670.95 km². It is located between the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west and the southern Apennines to the east. The region borders to the north-west with Lazio, to the north with Molise and to the east with Puglia and Basilicata. In addition to the regional capital Naples, the provincial capital cities are Avellino, Benevento, Caserta and Salerno. Along the coasts of Campania there are four gulfs: the gulf of Gaeta, the gulf of Naples, the gulf of Salerno and the gulf of Policastro.With 10 awards, Campania is the first Italian region for sites and elements registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List: the Recognition for the Mediterranean Diet, the Art of Neapolitan "Pizzaiuoli", Nola's Shoulder Machines, the historic center of Naples, the Royal Palace of Caserta, the monumental complex of Santa Sofia, Pompeii with Herculaneum and Oplonti, the Amalfi Coast, the Cilento National Park with Paestum, Velia and the Certosa di Padula, and the Transhumance. In Campania there are 5 of the top 20 most visited state sites in 2019 according to the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities.The hinterland was already inhabited in the second millennium BC. from Samnites, osci and volsci. From the eighth century BC along the coast various settlements of populations of Greek civilization developed from which the Magna Graecia colonies of Pithecusa, Cuma, Parthenope, Neapolis and Poseidonia originated. The area also constituted the extreme southern limit of the Etruscan expansion. The interior remained instead inhabited by the lineages of the Samnites. In the second half of the 4th century BC, with the Samnite wars the region was placed under the influence of Rome, which renamed it Campania felix in reference to its prosperity. With the decline of Roman civilization, the political unity of the region also disintegrated, which from the sixth century came to a large extent under Lombard influence and to a lesser extent under the Byzantine one.In the twelfth century, with the rise of the Norman dynasty, the region found political unity under the crown of the Kingdom of Sicily. From the thirteenth to the nineteenth century, with the succession of the Angevin, Aragonese and Bourbon dynasties, the kingdom of Naples, and in particular the capital and its court, became one of the main cultural, artistic and economic centers of Europe. Currently, the region, along with the rest of the South, is in a situation of persistent socio-economic development difficulties compared to the north of the country, known as the southern question. Directed by Gigi Oliviero